46 DROUGHT-AWAP-GRIDS

metadata_field
title DROUGHT-AWAP-GRIDS
personnel_data_owner Ivan Hanigan
project_abstract

To understand the drought indices review the technical appendix from the following paper:

| https://github.com/ivanhanigan/DrynessAndMentalHealth/blob/master/OBrien2014EnvRes_SI.pdf in which the count and sums drought indices are explained in detail (note that the newer count2 and sums2 indices were something Mike Hutchinson created for a PNAS paper and uses a different threshold level to break the drought than the original version), also check out the O’Brien paper which has some good ideas about re-expressions of the indices to capture things like re-occurring cycles of drought and long dry spells vs recent dry periods.

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| Note that the sums index gets more negative the worse the drought is. Counts become more larger (positive) numbers as droughts continue. The count index a measure of duration whereas the sums index is a measure of severity.

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| For the drought index please cite the original 1992 paper by Hutchinson as:

| 1. Smith, D. I, Hutchinson, M. F, & McArthur, R. J. (1992) Climatic and

| Agricultural Drought: Payments and Policy. (Centre for Resource and Environmental

| Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia).

| http://fennerschool-research.anu.edu.au/spatio-temporal/publications/cres_paper1992.pdf

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| and my software repository as:

| 2. Hanigan, IC. 2012. The Hutchinson Drought Index Algorithm [Computer Software].

| https://github.com/ivanhanigan/HutchinsonDroughtIndex

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| For the input rainfall data I would recommend citing like this:

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| We utilized the gridded meteorological datasets for Australia from the Australian Water Availability Project (AWAP), a partnership of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Bureau of Rural Sciences, and CSIRO. These data are estimated for each pixel of a grid with a resolution of 0.05 x 0.05 decimal degrees (approximately five x five kilometres) using a spatial model (Jones et al 2009, Australian Water Availability Project n.d). We used an open source R package to download and format the AWAP grids (Hanigan et al 2016) and rescaled the rainfall data to localities by averaging the pixels over the locality polygons, based on spatial data from the Public Sector Mapping Agency (PMSA).